2010 Census Population: 9,883,640 (8th)
Land Area: 56,538.9 square miles (22nd)
Density: 174.8 persons per square mile (17th)
Capital: Lansing
Became a State: January 26, 1837 (26th)
Bordering States: Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin
International Border: Canada
Abbreviation: MI
ANSI Code: 26

The area of Michigan was part of the original territory of the United States, being part of lands ceded by four states to the United States and designated in 1787 as the “Territory northwest of the River Ohio.” Michigan Territory was organized on June 30, 1805, from the northeastern part of Indiana Territory, and included all of the Lower Peninsula, the eastern part of the Upper Peninsula, a small strip of northern Indiana, and a portion of northwestern Ohio that was later contested. In 1818, when Illinois was admitted as a state, all of the remainder of Illinois Territory was added to Michigan Territory, including almost all of present-day Wisconsin, part of Minnesota, and the western part of the Upper Peninsula; at the same time, the central portion of the Upper Peninsula and eastern Wisconsin were added from the former Indiana Territory. In 1834, Michigan Territory was enlarged from part of Missouri Territory, including all of present-day Iowa, the remainder of Minnesota, and the eastern part of North Dakota and South Dakota. Michigan was reduced with the organization of Wisconsin Territory and the cession of the Toledo Strip to Ohio in 1836. As a compromise for the cession of territory to Ohio, Michigan Territory retained all of the Upper Peninsula when Wisconsin Territory was organized, resulting in a boundary generally the same as the present state.

Although not yet legally established as a separate territory, census data for Michigan are available beginning with the 1800 census. The 1800 census includes the population of a small area that is in present-day Ohio and excludes the population that was enumerated with Indiana of a small area of present-day Michigan. The 1800 population of the legally established Northwest Territory (of which Michigan was a part) was 45,916. The 1810, 1820, and 1830 census populations are for the entire area of Michigan Territory, including population in extensive areas not in the present state, and, in 1810, excluding again the population of a small area of present-day Michigan enumerated with Indiana. For an explanation of the revision to the 1800, 1820, and 1830 population of Michigan, see Richard L. Forstall, Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790- 1990, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996, page 82.

Data for the legally established state of Michigan are available beginning with the 1840 census.


Michigan has 13 federally recognized American Indian reservations, 9 with off-reservation trust lands.


Michigan has 15 metropolitan statistical areas, 18 micropolitan statistical areas, 2 metropolitan divisions, and 5 combined statistical areas.


There are 83 counties in Michigan. All counties in Michigan are functioning governmental entities, each governed by a board of commissioners.


There are 1,573 county subdivisions in Michigan known as minor civil divisions (MCDs). There are 1,123 townships and 117 charter townships which are all actively functioning governmental units. Three charter townships are coextensive with census designated places (CDPs) – Bloomfield, Waterford, and West Bloomfield charter townships. Townships are the original units of government formed in the state. Typically, though not always, townships are 36 square miles in size. Each township is governed by a board of trustees consisting of the township supervisor, township clerk, township treasurer, and two or four elected trustees. The entire state is covered by township governments except for areas within cities.

The 275 cities in Michigan are independent of MCDs and serve as 293 county subdivisions. Cities are incorporated places and governed by home rule. When established, the geographic area of a city is removed from the township(s) of which it may have been a part.

In addition, there are 40 undefined MCDs that are water area only.


Michigan has 692 places; 533 incorporated places and 159 CDPs. The incorporated places consist of 275 cities and 258 villages. Incorporated villages are dependent within county subdivision. Incorporated cities are independent of any township or charter township.


Michigan has 2,813 census tracts, 8,205 block groups, and 329,885 census blocks.


For the 111th Congress (January 2009-January 2011), Michigan has 15 congressional districts. Beginning with the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), Michigan will have 14 congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census.


Michigan has 29 elementary school districts and 524 unified school districts.


There are 38 state senate districts and 110 state house districts in Michigan.


There are 989 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in Michigan.


Michigan is formed by two peninsulas; The Upper Peninsula and the Lower Peninsula.

Michigan has not gained a seat in the House of Representatives since reapportionment based on the 1960 Census and has lost at least one seat each decade since the reapportionment based on the 1980 Census.

Business Patterns
Total Number of Establishments 221,682
Total Annual Payroll ($1,000) 135,807,633
Total Mid-March Employees 3,383,615
Industry: Establishments
Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 531
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 379
Utilities 403
Construction 19,570
Manufacturing 12,696
Wholesale trade 11,617
Retail trade 35,465
Transportation and warehousing 5,452
Information 3,369
Finance and insurance 14,218
Real estate and rental and leasing 7,837
Professional, scientific, and technical services 21,829
Management of companies and enterprises 1,519
Administrative and support and waste management and remediation services 11,682
Educational services 2,194
Health care and social assistance 26,128
Arts, entertainment, and recreation 3,548
Accommodation and food services 19,395
Other services (except public administration) 23,083
Industries not classified 767
Total Population 9,883,640
Housing Status
( in housing units unless noted )
Total 4,532,233
Occupied 3,872,508
Owner-occupied 2,793,342
Population in owner-occupied
( number of individuals ) 7,183,134
Renter-occupied 1,079,166
Population in renter-occupied
( number of individuals ) 2,471,438
Households with individuals under 18 1,106,735
Vacant 659,725
Vacant: for rent 141,687
Vacant: for sale 77,080
Vacant: for seasonal/recreational/occasional use 263,071
Population by Sex/Age
Male 4,848,114
Female 5,035,526
Under 18 2,344,068
18 & over 7,539,572
20 – 24 669,072
25 – 34 1,164,149
35 – 49 2,022,555
50 – 64 2,017,449
65 & over 1,361,530
Population by Ethnicity
Hispanic or Latino 436,358
Non Hispanic or Latino 9,447,282
Population by Race
White 7,803,120
African American 1,400,362
Asian 238,199
American Indian and Alaska Native 62,007
Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander 2,604
Other 147,029
Identified by two or more 230,319

*all information based on the 2010 Census


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